Cholesterol is a waxy substance that's found in the fat (lipids) in your blood. While your body needs cholesterol to continue building healthy cells having high cholesterol can increase your risk of heart disease. when you have high cholesterol , you may develop fatty deposits in your blood vessels eventually, these deposits make it difficult for enough blood to flow through your arteries. your heart may not gets as much oxygen-rich blood as it needs, which increases the risk of a heart attack. Decreased blood flow to your brain can cause a stroke. high cholesterol can be inherited but it'd often the result of unhealthy lifestyle choices.
Symptoms: High cholesterol has no symptoms A blood test is the only way to detect high cholesterol.
Causes: Cholesterol is carried through your blood attached to proteins. This combination of proteins and cholesterol is called a lipoprotein. you heard of different types of cholesterol, based on what type of cholesterol the lipoprotein carries. they are:
Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL): LDL or bad cholesterol transport cholesterol particles throughout your body. LDL cholesterol builds up in the walls of your arteries, making them hard and narrow.high density lipoprotein (HDL) or good cholesterol picks up excess cholesterol and takes it back to your liver.
Poor Diet: Eating saturated fat found in animal products, and trans fats found in some commercially baked cookies red meat, full-fat dairy products, will also increase your total cholesterol.
Obesity: Having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater puts you at risk of high cholesterol. Large waist circumferences: your risk increases if you are a man with a waist circumference of at least 40 inches (102) cm or a woman with waist size circumference of at least 35 inches (89) cm
Lack of Exercise : Lack of exercise is also another cause of cholesterol-related diseases.
Diabetes: High blood sugar contributes to higher LDL cholesterol and lower HDL cholesterol.
Smoking: Cigarette smoking damages the walls of your blood vessels making them likely to accumulate fatty deposits. Smoking may also lower your level of HDL or Good Cholesterol.
Complications: High cholesterol can cause atherosclerosis a dangerous accumulation of cholesterol and other deposit on the walls of your arteries. These deposits (Plaques) can reduce blood flow through your arteries which can cause complication such as:
Chest Pain: If the arteries that supply your heart with blood (coronary arteries) are affected you may have chest pain(angina ) and other symptoms of coronary artery diseases.
Heart attack: If Plaques tear or rupture a blood clot may form the plaque rupture site blocking the flow of blood or breaking free and plugging an artery downstream. If blood flow to part of your heart stops, you will have a heart attack.
Stroke: Similar to heart attack, if a blood clot is formed in arteries supplying blood to the brain, a stroke occurs.
Prevention: To prevent high cholesterol you can.
1. Eat an allow salt diet that includes many fruits and vegetables.
2. Limit the amount of animal fats and meat.
3. Maintain a healthy weight.
4. Quit smoking.
5. Exercise on most of the days of the week at least 30 min.
Treatment: Drug treatment for an individual with high cholesterol will depend on their cholesterol level and other risk factors. statins are the leading group of cholesterol-lowering drugs such as atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin, rosuvastatin and simvastatin.Niacin limit your liver's ability to produce low-density lipoprotein also reduces the production of HDL cholesterol Omega 3 fatty acid supplements; omega 3 fatty acid supplements the most common of which is a fish oil can help lower your triglycerides.
5 foods That Lower Cholesterol Naturally:
Pulses: Several studies have linked pulses he umbrella term for beans lentils and peas, like chickpeas to cholesterol reduction.
Avocado: According to research in the USA the avocado eaters had a 14mg/dl reduction.
Oats: Oats are a well-known cholesterol-lowering super food. According to the study people who had oatmeal experienced 5% reduction in total cholesterol and a 10% slash in their LDL.
Almonds: A study published in the journal of nutrition found that among heart disease patient, consuming just 10gms of almonds significantly upped levels of protective HDL.
Green Tea: Green tea consumption significantly lowered total cholesterol levels(by more than 7mg/dl).