Common Summer Diseases

Everyone is aware that some diseases are more prominent in certain seasons. For example cold, flu and cough are common diseases of winters, dengue and malaria of monsoon, and diarrhea of summers.
The diseases of summers bring along a host of other health problems as well that range from simple ones like a headache, skin rashes, sun burns, etc. to severe ones like measles, jaundice, and more.The months of May and June are usually the hottest in India. While, in some areas, the temperature rises as high as 51 degrees Celsius, there are many regions that experience moderate summers.No matter where one lives, some summer diseases are unavoidable. However, as wisely quoted by a learned man, “Prevention is better than Cure.” You must take necessary preventive measures against summer diseases even if you think you are fit, fine and healthy. Here, we enlist some common summer diseases that you must safeguard yourself against

FOOD POISONING

The leading cause of food poisoning is consumption of contaminated food or water.It spreads by bacteria, viruses, germs, toxins, and chemicals which, post entering the human body, cause the onset of stomach pain, nausea, diarrhoea or vomiting. Raw meat, food sold in the open by roadside vendors, and contaminated water are common carriers of disease-causing microbes.

HEAT STROKE

If on a hot summer day, you experience a headache, drying of skin, cramps, weakness, vomit, dizziness, increased heart rate, or shallow breathing, it’s quite possible you’re suffering from a heat stroke. It is usually followed by a bunch of other conditions such as nausea, seizures, etc. Staying in cooler areas helps avoid heat stroke conditions.

SKIN RASHES

Rashes on the skin is common skin problem in summers for any age group. This typically happens when an individual sweats too much. The sweat accumulates in the clothes and constant rubbing on the sweat on cloth for a prolonged period causes itchiness and further leads to rash. Skin reddening, dryness, irritation are the visible signs of skin rash.

CHICKEN POX

Chickenpox makes is one of the most common summer diseases.It starts in the form of fluid filled, red and small rashes accompanied by fever as high as 102 Fahrenheit and ultimately turns into fluid-filled blisters which crust or chip over leaving permanent marks on the skin.Common symptoms of chickenpox include scabs, blisters, itchy skin, redness, high-grade fever, loss of appetite, and headache which usually lasts for more than a week or two.

JAUNDICE

Jaundice is a common water-borne disease. It can be a result of Hepatitis A or Hepatitis B and is mainly caused due to the consumption of contaminated food and water. The visible symptoms include yellow discolouration of the skin, mucous membranes and the whites of the eyes, light-coloured stools, dark-coloured urine and itchy skin.

TYPHOID

One of the common diseases in summer is Typhoid. It is also known as typhoid fever it is a water-borne disease. Typhoid fever is an infection that spreads through contaminated food and water. Visible symptoms of typhoid are weakness, loss of appetite, fatigue, pain in the abdomen, high fever.
Try to avoid activities outside the home during peak sun hours.
Avoid exposure to direct sunlight and crowded areas.
Increase water or liquid intake so as to prevent dehydration.
Use sunscreen with a higher SPF to prevent skin damage.
Avoid roadside food or contaminated water.
Increase the consumption of fruits, liquids and vegetable.
Wear wide-brimmed hats to avoid the direct exposure to the sun.
Prefer light-coloured, loose clothing as dark colours absorb heat.
Keep your premises healthy and clean.
Summer is a beautiful and hot season of the year and this is the time to enjoy vacations and spend time with family, friends, making memories only if you are healthy. All that you need to do to stay fit is the little awareness and few precautions to enjoy the good times.

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