Arpana Shah February 15, 2018
Heart diseases are Cardiovascular diseases which describe the issue with blood vessels and, diseased vessels and blood clot. Most common types
Coronary artery disease:-
Damage or disease in the heart's major blood vessels.This artery supplies the heart muscle with oxygen & nutrients by blood circulation.plaque build-up in coronary arteries and this causes blockage and due to blockage heart receive less oxygen & nutrients.
High blood pressure:-
A condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high.Usually, hypertension is defined as blood pressure above 140/90 and is considered severe if the pressure range is above 180/120.High blood pressure often has no symptoms. if untreated, it can cause health conditions, such as heart disease and stroke.Eating a healthier diet with less salt, exercising regularly and taking medication can help lower blood pressure.
Sudden, unexpected loss of heart function, breathing, and consciousness.In cardiac arrest, the heart abruptly stops beating. Without prompt intervention, it can result in the person's death.The main symptom is the loss of consciousness and unresponsiveness.This medical emergency needs immediate CPR
(Cardiopulmonary resuscitation) or use of a defibrillator. Hospital care includes drugs, an implantable device or other procedures.
Congestive heart failure:-
A chronic condition in which the heart doesn't pump blood as well as it should.Heart failure can occur if the heart cannot pump (systolic) or fill (diastolic) adequately.Symptoms include shortness of breath, fatigue, swollen legs and rapid heartbeat.Treatments can include eating less salt, limiting fluid intake and taking prescription medication. In some cases, a defibrillator or pacemaker may be implanted.
Improper beating of the heart, whether irregular, too fast or too slow.The cardiac arrhythmia occurs when electrical impulses in the heart don't work properly or not pumping properly.There may be no symptoms. Alternatively, symptoms may include a fluttering in the chest, chest pain, fainting, weakness,
unconsciousness or dizziness.If required, treatment includes anti-arrhythmic drugs, medical procedures, implantable devices, and surgery.
Peripheral artery disease:-
A circulatory condition in which narrowed blood vessels reduce blood flow to the limbs.A peripheral vascular disease is a sign of fatty deposits and calcium building up in the walls of the arteries (atherosclerosis). Risk factors include ageing, diabetes, and smoking.Symptoms may include leg pain, particularly when walking.Tobacco cessation, exercise, and a healthy diet are often successful treatments. When these changes aren't enough, medication or surgery can help.
Damage to the brain from interruption of its blood supply.A stroke is a medical emergency.Symptoms of stroke include trouble walking, speaking and understanding, as well as paralysis or numbness of the face, arm or leg.Early treatment with medication like tPA (clot buster) can minimise brain damage. Other
treatments focus on limiting complications and preventing additional strokes.
Congenital heart disease:-
An abnormality in the heart that develops before birth.Congenital heart disease means a heart condition or defect that develops in the womb before a baby is born. There are many different types of congenital heart disease. For example, a baby's heart valves may not be properly formed or there may be holes between the chambers of their heart.
Cardiologists are specialists who treat cardiovascular heart disease. Cardiothoracic surgeons operate on the heart and perform coronary artery bypass surgery if the
coronary arteries are severely blocked and the patient is not a candidate to have angioplasty. These surgeons also repair or replace heart valves and perform other
surgeries that involve the structure of the heart.