Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of the arteries. Each time your heart beats it pumps out blood into the arteries. High blood pressure (or Hypertension) is defined in an adult as blood pressure greater than or equal to 140mm of Hg systolic pressure greater than or equal to 90 mm of Hg diastolic pressure.120/80 mm of Hg or lower is normal blood pressure. High blood pressure directly increases the risk of coronary heart disease (which leads to heart attack) and stroke especially when it's present with other risk factors one can control high blood pressure through healthy lifestyle and taking medicine if needed.
Various conditions can lead to high B.P or hypertension including kidney abnormalities, tumour of adrenal glands or certain congenital heart defects. Certain medications including birth control pills. Cold medicines decongestants Otc pain relievers and some prescription drugs may cause hypertension.
Symptoms of hypertension :
Most people with high blood pressure have no sign or symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels that are why it is called the silent killer. Although a few people with an early stage of high blood pressure may have dull headaches dizziness or a few more nosebleeds than normal’s.
Risk factors of hypertension :
The risk factors for high blood pressure include heredity obesity smoking Age, stress excessive alcohol intake that can result in high blood pressure .some kidney disease and hormonal diseases such as hypothyroidism.
People suffering from diabetes are the greater risk of developing high blood pressure.
the pregnant woman has a higher risk of developing hypertension than women of the same age who are not pregnant.
The excessive pressure on your artery walls caused by high blood pressure can damage your blood vessels as well as organs in your body. The higher your blood pressure and the longer it goes uncontrolled, the greater the damage.
Heart Attack Or Stroke:
High blood pressure can cause hardening and thickening of the arteries 9atherosclerosis) which can lead to heart attack stroke or other complications.
Increased blood pressure can cause your blood vessels to weaken and bulge, forming an aneurysm if it ruptures, it can be life-threatening.
To pump blood against the higher pressure in your vessels the heart has to work harder. this eventually the thickened muscle may have a hard time pumping enough blood to meet your body's needs, which can lead to heart failure.
Weakened and Narrowed Blood Vessels in Your Kidneys:
This can prevent these organs from functioning normally. thickened, narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes this can result in vision loss.
This syndrome is a cluster of disorder of your body's metabolism including high triglyceride low, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, the good cholesterol high blood pressure and high insulin levels. These conditions make you more likely to develop diabetes heart disease and stroke.
Trouble with Memory or Understanding:
Uncontrolled high blood pressure may also affect your ability to think, remember and learn.