In vitro fertilization is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) commonly referred to as IVF. IVF is the process of fertilization by extracting eggs retrieving a sperm sample, and then combine an egg and sperm in a lab dish. the embryo is then transferred to the uterus.IVF can be used to treat infertility in the following patients Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes Male factor infertility including decreased sperm count or sperm motility women with ovulation disorder. Premature ovarian failure uterine fibroids and unexplained infertility.
Complications Associated with in Vitro Fertilization:
• Multiple pregnancies, which increases the risk of low birth weight and premature birth.
• Miscarriage pregnancy loss.
• Ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome (OHSS), a rare condition involving an excess of fluid in the abdomen and chest.
• Bleeding infection or damage to the bowels or bladder (rare)
Pros to in Vitro Fertilization :
Couples should evaluate the pros and cons before proceeding with IVF treatments. On the ultimate pro side is that a couple could successfully conceive through using IVF. There are several other advantages to using this method as well. People who are passionate about their career lose track of the passing time. By the time they start planning a baby their biological clock does not co-operate. By freezing their eggs at an early age woman can opt IVF later in life.
Success rates for IVF can fit in both pros and cons category. This is because IVF has enabled many women to get pregnant. However, the success rates are not absolute for conception. The changes for conception are also closely linked with women's age as the quality of her eggs often starts to diminish as she gets older.
The Success Rates Associated with IVF Include :
Age 35 and under 41%
Age 35to 37: 33 to 36%
Age 38 to 40: 23 to 27 %
Age 40 and older: 13 to 18%
Cons of IVF - It is a Little Bit Costly Treatment:
Women with excess weight might also negatively affect egg quality. which reduces the chances of a successful pregnancy even with IVF according to a systematic review published in 2012, women with excess weight are 10 percent less likely to give birth to live baby following IVF than women of average weight. They are also at higher risk for pregnancy-related complications preterm birth. Excess weight lowers women's chances of getting pregnant and increases the risk of sedation during fertility treatments. In some cases, the quality of a man’s sperm or women’s eggs is such that fertilization is not possible. In this case, a couple may choose to utilize donor eggs, sperm.
Ultimately, the decision to pursue IVF is the couple's alone. A doctor may identify potential red flags that may indicate a couple needs to consider donor eggs or sperm or choosing surrogate. Thanks to modern technological innovations, more and more couples are successfully conceiving through IVF.