Pneumonia Symptoms and Treatment

Pneumonia is an infection which mainly affects the lungs. It can be caused by bacteria, fungus, viruses. It involves swelling in the lungs, pain in stomach, loss of appetite. Swelling in lungs also known as Avioli. Pneumonia causes the Alveoli to fill up with fluid, difficulty in breathing, chest pain or fever.

CAUSES OF PNEUMONIA:-

In children & elder people, the most common type of pneumonia is caused either due to pollution or respiratory viruses. Viral pneumonia lasts shorter than bacterial pneumonia and is usually not as serious as bacterial pneumonia.
Fungal pneumonia is a type of pneumonia seen in people with a weaker immunity or who are suffering from a chronic disease. This type of pneumonia can be caused by inhaling a large amount of fungi, bacteria from soil or bird waste.
HAP or Hospital Acquired Pneumonia, is caused due to inhaling organism during your stay in the hospital and labs. This type of pneumonia can cause serious damage of lungs tissues & may last for a long time period, as the bacteria causing the disease might become resistant to medicines.

Pneumonia Symptoms:-

The symptoms of pneumonia might include:
Fever
Rigorous coughing
Mucus in a cough
Difficulty in breathing
Pain in the chest (more intensely while coughing)
Diarrhoea
Increase in the rate of heartbeat
Tiredness and weakness in the body
Nausea feeling
If most of the above symptoms are experienced, then person should consult with his/her physician and get himself/herself tested for pneumonia. These tests include X-Ray or CT-Scan of lungs, bronchoscopy, blood test, pulse oximetry.

Home treatment

You can help your recovery by
taking your drugs as prescribed
getting a lot of rest
drinking plenty of fluids
Hospitalization
If your symptoms are very severe or you have other health problems, then you may need to be hospitalized.Doctors can keep track of your heart rate, temperature, and breathing or pulse rate.

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